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In this article we will follow the palm fruit phytonutrients through the human body.
This article will focus on the fat soluble phytonutrients: tocotrienols, tocopherols (tocochromanols) and carotenoids. We will move through digestion, circulation, and biological tissues. You will see where and when these phytonutrients appear in the body and a few of their unique actions.
After 1 hour : Digesting & Absorbing
The phytonutrients in Palm Fruit are fat soluble, so they require fat to be properly absorbed.  For ideal absorption at least 5 g of fat should be consumed with the capsules. This will trigger the digestive tract to release bile, which helps dissolve the phytonutrients for optimal absorption.  
Within 1-2 hours the phytonutrients will begin passing through the intestinal walls, where they will begin absorbing into the circulatory system(s).   
After 6 hours : Circulating in the Blood
Once the fat soluble phytonutrients pass through the intestinal tissue, they take two routes of transportation :
- Lymphatic circulation: This pathway allows the phytonutrients to bypass the liver, and diffuse directly into the bloodstream.
- Portal venous circulation: This pathway takes the antioxidants directly to the liver. Once in the liver, the antioxidants are either stored, excreted, or released into blood circulation.
Once in circulation, the phytonutrients get packed into fat or cholesterol particles (e.g., chylomicrons, LDL, HDL, etc.) which act as vehicles for transporting the phytonutrients throughout the body.  Regardless of the pathway, the phytonutrients travel through circulation for 6-12 hours before they reach their ultimate destination; our living cells.
After 1 day : Reaching Target Organs
Within 24 hours the phytonutrients reach all major organs in the body,  but it takes several weeks for the concentration to build up high enough to start producing a positive effect.
Lets skip ahead a few weeks and get to the exciting stuff.
After 4 weeks : Penetrating Cell Tissue
All organs in the body absorb fat soluble phytonutrients to some extent, but tocotrienol and carotenoid molecules are attracted to circulatory and skin tissue more than other tissues because of their specific biological composition.    The antioxidant protection against free radical damage is one of the first benefits to be achieved from Palm Fruit supplementation:
Circulatory tissue: In blood vessels, the phytonutrients are absorbed into the endothelial tissue.  In this inner vessel tissue, which also holds embedded cholesterol particles, the phytonutrients immediately relieve several points of free radical stress in the vessel wall:
- Reduces cholesterol oxidation; reducing plaque formation  
- Extends activity of nitric oxide; improving dilation of vessels 
- Reduces advanced glycation end products (AGEs); improving dilation of vessels 
Skin tissue: The blood capillaries deliver phytonutrients to the dermis; where new skin cells are generated and enriched with phytonutrients. After 6-8 weeks, the newly enriched skin cells will have replaced the older skin cells throughout the dermis and epidermis, leading to several improvements:
- Imparts carotenoid coloration; improving skin pigmentation 
- Protects the cellular membrane; increasing skin hydration 
- Reduces sun (UV) damage; preventing collagen breakdown 
Hair follicles: Blood capillaries feed the phytonutrients directly into the root of the hair follicle which contains the fastest generating cells in the human body, and thus a significant amount of free radicals.  The phytonutrients immediately begin clearing out this abundance of free radicals, which has the following effects:
- Eliminates free radical interference; prolonging the growth phase 
- Prevents fat & protein oxidation; improving nutrient assimilation 
- Protects melanocytes; slowing greying of hair 
After 12 weeks : Activating Cell Functions
After 12 weeks, the phytonutrients reach a sufficient concentration within the cells to begin influencing cell behavior.    Optimizing cell behavior extends beyond the antioxidant action and involves direct action upon cell receptors; triggering the production of various enzymes, peptides, and hormones. Here are some of the effects:
- Increases APOA-1; removing plaque from arteries 
- Increases CRP; supporting optimal blood flow 
- Reduces VCAM-1; preventing artery plaque formation 
- Increases collagen synthesis; improving skin firmness 
- Optimizes PPAR; improving skin moisturization  
- Lowers MMP; preserving skin elasticity 
- Reduces IL-1b; reducing hair loss  
- Increases PPARy; protecting hair follicle  
- Reduces TGF-B1; preventing hair follicle death  
After 6 months : Reversing DNA Damage
DNA contains the instructions for the structure and function of our cells. The integrity of our DNA directly impacts our health and appearance.    Aging is a result of slowly accumulated DNA damage, and individuals who appear older, have a higher degree of DNA damage.  Therefore, preventing or reversing DNA damage can minimize or reverse signs of aging.
After 3-6 months, tocotrienols and carotenoids reach a critical concentration around the DNA –
- Reduces strand breaks; reducing DNA damage  
- Rejoins DNA strand breaks; repairing DNA  
- Increases PARP; enhancing DNA repair 
After 12 months : Keeping the Body Protected
After 12 months, the palm fruit tocotrienol, tocopherols, and carotenoids reach their optimal concentration throughout all organs in the body. 
Continuing to dose Palm Fruit will ensure the repair and & regenerative benefits are maintained, while continuing to slow the aging process in the future. 
If you haven’t already, be sure to get started on our Palm Fruit Subscription Plan. It’s a great way to ensure you have a consistent supply shipped to your door each month. Shipping is always free and you will pay a discounted price of only $39.99 per month.
I hope you enjoy the journey.
If you have any questions, please post them here!
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